alcohol

Description: 
Recommendations for the treatment and care of pregnant women with alcohol and/or other drug use problems
Source: 
Center for Substance Abuse Treatment
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What is Hepatitis C?

Description: 
A brief description of risk factors and symptoms of Hepatitis C.

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by the Hepatitis C virus. It is found in and spread through the blood of infected individuals. Individuals may have been exposed to HCV-infected human blood if they have any of these risk factors (CDC 2008):

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Genes Associated with Alcohol Dependence

Description: 
Table describing genes and alleles which have a marked effect alcohol dependence.

Recent advances in genomics have identified a number of genes that either increase or decrease a person's susceptibility to alcohol dependence. Some of the genes in the tables below represent either genes or alleles that have a profound effect on alcohol dependence.

Genes associated with increased risk of alcohol dependence

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What is Alcoholism?

Description: 
NIAAA definitions of alcoholism

What Is Alcoholism?

According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), alcoholism includes the
following four symptoms:
1. Craving -- A strong need, or urge, to drink.
2. Loss of control -- Not being able to stop drinking once drinking has begun.
3. Physical dependence -- Withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating, shakiness, and
anxiety, after stopping drinking.
4. Tolerance -- The need to drink greater amounts of alcohol to get "high."

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Health Effects of Alcohol: What You Need to Know

Description: 
NIAAA overview of health effects of alcohol

Health Effects of Alcohol: What You Need to Know

The National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) recommends that individuals who drink
not consume more than the following amounts of alcohol per day:

Safe Drinking Levels:
Men -- no more than 2 drinks per day
Women -- no more than 1 drink per day
Over 65 -- no more than 1 drink per day
Note: A standard drink is 12 grams of pure
alcohol, which is equal to:
- one 12-ounce bottle of beer or wine cooler,
- one 5-ounce glass of wine,
- or 1.5 ounces of distilled spirits.

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How Do I Know If I Have an Alcohol Problem?

Description: 
How Do I Know If I Have A Problem?

How Do I Know if I Have a Problem?

One way to assess whether or not you have a drinking problem is to consider the guidelines for
moderate drinking. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA),
moderate drinking is defined as 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women and older people.

A standard drink is equal to
• one 12-ounce bottle or can of beer or wine cooler
• or one 5-ounce glass of wine
• or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits

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Active Coping

Description: 
Information on active coping

Active Coping

Recovery has ups and downs, just like life. No thought or feeling lasts forever -- rather, each has a
beginning, a middle, and an end, just like a wave. Urges and cravings to drink or use work the same
way. Distraction will focus your attention away, allowing the wave to peak and diminish to nothing.

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Relaxation Techniques

Description: 
Techniques for relaxation

Relaxation Techniques

Realizing and accepting your alcohol problem can cause a lot of stress, and quitting drinking can be
even more stressful. This handout provides instructions for 2 relaxation techniques to help relieve some
of your stress. You may find that making a tape of the exercises may be helpful. Regular practice is the
key to having these skills ready when you need them!

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How to Reduce Your Drinking

Description: 
Tips on reducing your drinking

How to Reduce Your Drinking

• Make a list of reasons why you want to reduce drinking.

• There may be multiple reasons you want to cut back on your alcohol intake. These may include such things as the desire to improve one's relationships or simply to better one's health.

• Set a drinking goal.

• Come up with a limit on how much you can drink.

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Refusal Skills

Description: 
How to avoid risky situations and refuse alcohol during those times

Refusal Skills

The best plan is to avoid risky, "slippery" places. Slippery places are opportunities for you to drink or use
even if you believe your willpower will keep it from happening. For example, planning to go to your
favorite bar to shoot pool and drink soft drinks is a setup. Because the bar has many cues for you to
drink, it is a slippery place for you. Avoiding persons, places, and things that provide powerful cues is an
excellent strategy.

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