brief interventions

MAST-G

Description: 
The MAST-G (Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test-Geriatric Version) varies from the MAST in that the questions highlight the special employment and social situations of someone who is retired and how that can relate to alcohol abuse. The tool consists of 24 questions.

Sensitivity and Specificity

According to one study, the MAST-G has a sensitivity of 93% and a specificity of 65% (Joseph et al, 1995)

Scoring

A score of 5 or more "yes" responses is indicative of a potential alcohol problem and suggests the need for further assessment.

The MAST-G

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TWEAK

Description: 
The TWEAK screening test consists of five questions designed to screen pregnant women for harmful drinking habits. The tool consists of questions from the CAGE as well as the MAST, regarding tolerance and amnesia.

Sensitivity and Specificity

In one study of 4,743 women who were given the MAST, CAGE, and T-ACE tolerance question, the calculated sensitivity and specificity of the TWEAK were 79% and 83%, respectively (Chang, 2001).

Scoring

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Description: 
This website is about Not on Tobacco (N-O-T), a Colorado-based program to help teens stop smoking. Additionally, there is information on how to help reduce smoking among teens in your school or community, and details for teachers and health professionals on how to become a N-O-T facilitator.
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American Lung Association
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Description: 
Results of a study done to examine the efficacy of a motivational interviewing intervention for adolescent smokers (From their Website).
Source: 
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF)
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Description: 
General facts and information on the effect smoking has on babies born to mothers who smoke.
Source: 
CDC Website
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Description: 
This article is an intervention review. It reviews behavioral and pharmacological interventions for helping users quit smokeless tobacco.
Source: 
The Cochrane Collaboration
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Description: 
Routinely screen all patients over the age of 14 for alcohol use problems. Learn how to conduct and implement brief interventions and motivational interviewing. Establish close relationships with other alcohol treatment services and alcohol treatment specialists. Integrate alcohol and drug treatment programs into routine clinical practice where feasible. (From Their Website)
Source: 
Council on Scientific Affairs, American Medical Association; 1999
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Description: 
This article on the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network website discusses the elements of motivational interviewing.
Source: 
Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network
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Description: 
Project MATCH was a multisite clinical trial of alcohol treatment, designed to test a series of a priori hypotheses on how patient-treatment interactions relate to outcome. It is supported by the NIAAA (From their Website).
Source: 
Project MATCH, Dept. of Community Medicine & Health Care, Univ. of Connecticut Health Center
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Recognizing alcohol problems in primary care
Source: 
RAND
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