Problem Solving

Description of problem-solving treatment components, as well as examples. This resource points out how patients can avoid potentially risky situations.

Recognize Danger Situations
Identify "danger situations," i.e., events/situations, internal states or activities that increase risk of smoking (using tobacco) or relapse.

Examples: Being around other tobacco users, Drinking alcohol, Smoking cues and availability of cigarettes, Urges to use tobacco, Negative affect and experiencing stress.

Develop Coping Skills
Recognize and practice coping and problem-solving skills, especially to help with danger situations.

Examples: Anticipate and avoid temptation and trigger situations, Cope with urges using intentional behaviors (i.e., wait 10 minutes, changing routines) or thoughts/affirmations (e.g., distracting attention), Learn cognitive strategies that will reduce negative moods, Introduce lifestyle changes that reduce stress and improve quality of life (e.g., exercise or walking), and reduce exposure to smoking cues.

Provide Basic Information
Provide basic information about smoking/using tobacco and successful quitting.

Examples: Any smoking, even a single puff, increases the likelihood of a full relapse, although a slip does not mean failure, Withdrawal symptoms usually peak 1 to 2 weeks after quitting but may persist for months (Symptoms include negative mood, urges to smoke, and difficulty concentrating), The addictive nature of smoking.